Articles, DRUGS

Ibuprofen – Uses, Dosage, Side Effects & Interactions

Subtle pain situations can often occur during the course of your busy day, some in your control some definitely not. While on the course of your busy life there will be days when you’re going through a tightly packed schedule where subtle pain feels are not allowed to come in the way of work. Neglecting health care to the fullest, the present day world is defined by quick relief and at around this time pain that cannot be controlled can take quite a toll in your everyday life. a back pain due to unusual sleeping posture or a stressed shoulder due to carrying heavy load can definitely cause distress but then there are some kind of pains that cannot be controlled like periodontal pain or migraine flashes and even the monthly menstrual pain that causes enough distress. Hence, to carry on with your busy day, a little assistance from one of these prescription medicines is indeed a sign of gratitude. One such prescription drug for minor or mediocre pain situations can be highlighted as ibuprofen. This is looked upon as a medicine to resolve painful situations along with inflammation and swellings.

Ibuprofen is regarded as a NSAID which is a non-steroidal anti inflammatory drug that relieves you of pain situations much similar to arthritis pain, common cold, migraine troubles, menstruation cramps, subtle headaches and even dental problems like toothache or gum pain. even subtle cases of back pain or minor injuries as such can be cleared using ibuprofen as a medicinal drug. while the generic name for this drug is ibuprofen it is usually sold under the brand names Advil, Nuprin, Motrin and at times ibuprofen itself. In a nutshell, to treat your moderate or mediocre illness like fevers or chills accompanied by subtle painful situations can definitely be treated using ibuprofen.



Before we start with the benefits that you can derive from ibuprofen why not take a look into how the medicine actually works to relief you of your pain. the human body is filled with neurotransmitters that transmit impulses from one part of the body to another, usually from the brain to the destination intended. Now in the brain there are certain chemicals that bind themselves together to secret hormones that portray pain, desires, emotions and feelings. These very hormones then travel through the neurotransmitters and that is how the chemical inducing pain, inflammation or swelling gets from the brain to the destination. Ibuprofen not only regulates the secretion of these hormones but also blocks the neurotransmitters from reaching their destination thereby reducing or completely relieving you of the pain caused.

Here are some classic benefits that this prescription drug offers to us.

  • Menstrual Pain: Menstruation pain is caused by the ovary reacting during your menstruation when the contraction from forcing out the blood out of the ovary lining becomes a bit too painful. Even the estrogen levels work on a higher scale forcing the brain to secret the pain inducing chemicals and sure enough ibuprofen uses its benefits to prevent the chemicals from reaching its destination.
  • Subtle Muscle Pain: muscle pain of sorts can be due to anything actually starting from bad sleeping postures to weirdly handling yourself in sudden situations. At times it can even be the cause of nerve pains that force the pain out on to the muscles but at the end of the day ibuprofen is there to help you get rid of them at the easiest possible way.
  • Periodontal Problems: periodontal AKA gum problems can be caused due to weakening of the gums or by painful nerves within the gums that react. Along with gum pain there may often be a toothache somewhere and all this can be tackled by ibuprofen.
  • Chronic Arthritis: chronic arthritis or any such bone inflammation followed by pain is strictly a situation for ibuprofen to handle. This also includes migraine pains or throbbing headaches that one again belong to the pain through inflammation category.
  • Minor Injury: when we talk about minor injuries we mean everyday activities like a sport injury from a soccer ball hitting your leg or simply sitting in the wrong posture for hours during work that incurs a bad shoulder ache or a spinal cord pain. these subtle situation requires lower doses of ibuprofen but at the end of the day, it still works wonders.


Usually your doctor will fix the dosage unit and the consumption style for you. A lot of considerations should be calculated before you take an ibuprofen dosage like your age, weight and definitely your medical requirement.

If you are prescribed this medicine or obtaining it from a pharmacist, it is typically an oral dose and should be taken with a glass of water unless it has an oral suspension form. If prescribed a chewable tablet, make sure you chew it properly before gulping but in the general doses, never splice or break a tablet into half as it contains inactive ingredients and would definitely cause overdose reactions. Simply resort to gulping it down with water. An oral suspension should always be strictly measured by a spoon or a measure cup and always remember to shake the bottle well before use.

You can either have this medicine with food or without food but always keep ample distance between the meal and the medicine as you should with the dose intervals as well. Each dose should have a minimum 4 to 6 hour gap from the next dose interval and never lie down right after taking this medicine. Since these are daily doses, always take them at around the same time and never go beyond the prescription time span.


Usually your doctor will prescribe to you the full extent of the doses along with the brand names, the consumption time and the method as well. It is of utter importance that you maintain the guideline strictly and avoid all consequences that might direct you towards overdosing. Starting with an initial dose is usually recommended and then you can step up the game by opting for a higher dose if the initial dose results are not satisfactory.

Ibuprofen tablets or capsules at the base dose can be found at 200mg a unit which is the starting dose for any adult or children. These are usually over the counter and can be purchased directly via the pharmacist. However, for proper treatment of long lasting chronic pain, the prescription doses always start with a higher dose, the base being ibuprofen 400mg. this is an usual adult dose and can either be divided into two 200mgs for twice a day with a 6 hour gap in between or can be taken at once at a specific time which will prescribed to you by your doctor.

For bone swelling or joint inflammation the prescription dose can be around ibuprofen 600mg which can be increased later on doctor’s approval to ibuprofen 800mg. this too can be a daily dose however the time span between each dose should be kept at around 6 to 8 hours. Also, higher doses are usually advised not to taken all at once and therefore your doctor might segregate the unit into equal doses with time intervals within each dose which you should strictly maintain.


If you are going for over the counter medicines always ensure you know your limitation to the dosage and never over do the doses. If you miss one dosage, either take it within the time period or simply skip if it edges towards the next dosing time. If you are going for prescription medicine, it is best if you present your entire medical history record along with the medicines used till date to your doctor so that he can be the judge of what dose to prescribe to you or if any at all.

Often it can become an addiction for you to pop in a pill every time a minor pain situation arrives and thus might conclude the point of overdosing which has adverse side effects.


Drug interactions are common in nature where two different drug when clubbed together may combine together to form adverse counter effects. To avoid such a dilemma, it is usually the patient’s responsibility to furnish to your doctor a list of the important medication that you have or is currently going through.

Allergy medicines often react a lot to these drugs as does other pain killers and therefore even if you are opting for over the counter drugs, make sure never to club or combine these two together.


Every drug has a certain set of pros and cons attached to it. While the pros are definitely listed as benefits, the cons can be termed as side effects which are counter actions that might show up whilst or post the drug course. Usually these side effects are either too negligible to be noticed or simply an initial syndrome that your body is experiencing as a beginner result. If these side effects persist for too long one should immediately revert back to your doctor.

  • Stomach Upset and Abdominal Pain: stomach upset is definitely a dominant sign of overdosing on ibuprofen where too much of this drug can cause problems with digestion as it weakens your stomach. Abdominal pain too can arrive which is usually a muscular pain of the abdominal walls and should be reported to the doctor immediately.
  • Angina Pains with Heart Palpitations: angina pains are also known as heart pains which may arise as a side effect to ibuprofen. These pains are usually subtle in nature but if it arrives a bit too often it should be considered a serious issue. Heart palpitations may too persist.
  • Vein Swelling: vein swelling especially around the neck or the forearms might be one of the ibuprofen side effects. These vein swells are often alarming in nature.
  • Hair Loss: hair thinning added with hair loss shouldn’t be a persistent problem but if it persist this side effect should be taken seriously.
    Excretory Problems: excretory problems in the form of change in the color of the stools or the change in the consistency of the urine may persist. Stool passing may be difficult too and along with it burning sensation may persist.
  • Increase in Blood Pressure: blood pressure increase too can be seen as a side effect.
  • Change in Behavior: change in behavior in the form of irritability or subtle depression may persist too.These mentioned above are however strictly rare in case and should not occur until overdosing risks are evaluated. On a much easier scale some of the common side effects are:
  • Change in the color of the skin: the common side effects can be change in the complexion. The skin might look paler.
  • Urination Difficulty: urination difficulty at the slightest may persist or at the maximum the common side effect is in the form of difficulty in frequency of urination.
  • Indigestion and Heart Burn: indigestion or heart burn may persist too.
  • Nausea and Dry Mouth: feelings of nausea will be quite common especially at the beginning along with drying of mouth at times.
  • Fatigue and allergy Symptoms: allergy symptoms in the form of swelling of face or neck or even mild rashes can be a physical sign of side effect along with extreme tiredness.

From minor injuries to painful nights of menstrual cramps, from stressful arthritis to even stressful hernia or migraine pain, everyday pain situations can now be contained with ibuprofen in their medicine cabinet. However, there are certain limitations to this medicine that has been discussed in this segment and thus it is always advised that you take medicinal help but not to the point where it blossoms into an addiction.